Trip Introduction / Overview
Bhutan – The Last Shangri La Tour has lots to offer to travelers visiting the dragon kingdom in the Himalayan realms. In addition to the exclusive insight into the cultures, traditions, rituals, and religious ceremonies this popular tour in Bhutan proffers adequate chance to intermingle with the aboriginals and minutely be on familiar terms with their lifestyle. This fascinating and easy tour package in Bhutan showcases the distinctive cultural variance and traditional customs that are evidently etched in every stone in the country. The Last Shangri La Tour drags each unwavering traveler to the most prominent and imposing fortresses and monasteries in the country, which have their own stories. This popular tour package in Bhutan explores the key highlights of the nation’s valleys while letting visitors enjoy and savor the cultural sites and the natural panorama.
The Last Shangri La Tour itinerary starts with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Paro or one could directly fly into Bhutan from their home country. This spectacular tour engrosses the major cities and townships such as Paro, Thimphu, Punakha, and Gangtey. The prime fascinations of Paro include visits to Rinpung Dzong, Ta Dzong, and Kyichu Lhakhang. Rinpung Dzong is popularly known to be the fortress of the heap of jewels; Ta Dzong is the national museum, and Kyichu Lhakhang, the Jowo Temple, is the oldest temple of Bhutan. The most popular landmark in the entire nation, the Taktshang Monastery, which is commonly known by the name of Tiger’s Nest makes a place for itself on the top destination in Bhutan list. A mind-blowing hike to the Tiger’s Nest finds a place in most of the top tour packages of Bhutan operated by all travel agencies. The significant landmarks to see in Thimphu include the Memorial Chorten, Tashicho Dzong, the National Library, the Traditional Medicine Institute, the Painting School, Motithang Takin Preserve, and Changangkha Lhakhang – the oldest temple of Bhutan. Crossing the amazing Dochu La Pass to reach Punakha, the major attractions in this town include the Punakha Dzong and the Chimi Lhakhang Temple – a very popular Buddhist monastery. Phobjikha valley in Gangtey is a spectacular valley where tourists visit the Gangtey monastery and the black-necked crane information center. Driving back to Paro, visitors will make a stop at Kuensel Phodrang, also called the Buddha point, which is a colossal Buddha statue (Great Buddha Dordenma) from where a good overview of Thimphu valley can be glimpsed. The statue is one of the largest in the world and the largest Shakyamuni Buddha statue in Bhutan made of bronze and gilded in gold.
Bhutan – The Last Shangri La Tour is undoubtedly one of the best tours in Bhutan that provides sufficient prospects to get acquainted with the assorted culture, traditions, rituals, religious offerings, and natural settings of the Himalayan kingdom. The structural designs are contrasting – with houses painted with supernatural emblems to keep out evil spirits. Come and join one of the most popular tour packages in Bhutan with Royal Holidays and relish the extravagant moments by exploring the major aspects and the lavishness of the spiritual nation.
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After having breakfast in Kathmandu, you will be driven to the airport to board an international flight to Bhutan. Offering mesmerizing mountain views, lush vegetation, and snaking rivers, the flight to Paro is a scenic reminiscence in the Himalayan realms. After landing in Paro airport and undergoing the immigration procedures, you will be greeted by our representative who will escort you on a pleasant drive to the capital city Thimphu. En route, you will make a brief stop at Chuzom which is the confluence of Thimphu and Paro rivers. At Thimphu, you will be transferred to your pre-determined hotel room and later, you will have some time to visit some momentous landmarks of Thimphu such as the Tashicho Dzong and the Memorial Chorten. Overnight in Thimphu.
Today, you will be exploring the chief places of interest in Thimphu after having your sumptuous breakfast. A visit to the National Library, which is a store-house of precious Buddhist manuscripts, is a wonderful experience. You will then visit the Traditional Medicine Institute where ancient healing arts like acupuncture and herbal therapies are still performed. Other attractions of Thimphu include the Painting School, where youthful monks are trained in the knack of Buddhist thangkas; the Motithang Takin Preserve, a wildlife reserve area for the Takin, the national animal of Bhutan. In the Motithang area, you will also visit the oldest temple of Bhutan – the Changangkha Lhakhang built in the 12th century. Later, you will make a short visit to the Jungshi Handmade Paper Factory to see the production of paper using the traditional Bhutanese techniques. In the evening, you have time to visit the Local Crafts Bazaar where you may explore through Bhutan’s fine traditional arts. Overnight in Thimphu.
After breakfast today, you will board on a private vehicle and drive over the Dochu La pass which proffers astounding views of the Himalayan peaks. Stopping momentarily at the pass for a cup of hot beverage, you get the opportunity to savor the implausible sights of the Himalayas. Continuing the pleasant drive to Punakha along the countryside, you will be able to witness the daily life of the people of the distant areas of Bhutan. After reaching Punakha, you will visit the Punakha Dzong, which is known as the palace of great happiness and is situated at the confluence of the Mo and Pho Rivers. Punakha is the town where the first king of Bhutan was crowned in 1907 and supposedly was the ancient capital city of the nation. After lunch, you will visit Chimi Lhakhang Temple, a Buddhist Monastery which is more popularly known as the temple of the Drukpa Kuenley, the divine madman who had powers to bless infertile women with offspring. This renowned monastery stands on a small hilltop near the Lobesa village. Overnight in Punakha.
After a splendid organic breakfast in Punakha, you will begin driving amidst spectacular sights of the valley, crystal clear streams, and sheer inclinations terminating at a fabulous monastery in a small settlement of Gangtey valley also called as the Phobjikha valley that lies in the Wangdue Phodrang district. In Phobjikha valley, you will visit the Black Necked Crane Information Center that has an observatory room equipped with a high-power telescope. This room provides an opportunity for travelers to witness black-necked cranes in the distance. You will then be transferred to your pre-determined hotel room where you may relax, wine and dine. Overnight in Gangtey.
Starting your drive from Gangtey after a pleasing breakfast, you will cross the Dochu La pass one more time today and head out towards Paro. En route, you will visit Kuensel Phodrang, famously known as the Buddha point that provides a fantastic view of the entire Thimphu valley. Here, you will find the largest statue of Buddha in Bhutan – you may offer prayers, walk around and savor the majestic views. Then, you will continue to drive to Paro. On arrival at Paro, you will be transferred to your hotel where you may rest and relax for some time. In the evening, you may dawdle in the local Paro market until dinner time. Overnight in Paro.
You will begin the day after a stocky breakfast and drive to the starting point of the captivating hike to Taktshang Monastery, better known as the Tiger’s Nest. Settled on the side of a cliff 800 meters above Paro valley, Tiger’s Nest is one of the most admired monasteries of Bhutan, and one of the items on the bucket list of almost every Bhutan traveler. On completion of the intriguing hike, you will explore the Kyichu Lhakhang, the Jowo Temple which is one of the oldest temples in Bhutan. After lunch, you will visit Ta Dzong, the national museum filled with an extensive collection of antique thangka paintings, textiles, weapons, armors, and historic artifacts. After this, you will walk to visit Rinpung Dzong, also known as the Paro Dzong, and a must-visit place in Paro. Later in the evening, you may stroll around the streets of Paro, visit shops and local markets for some souvenir shopping. Overnight in Paro.
Your Last Shangri La Tour concludes today and you will be flying out of Paro to your onward destination or to your native land. You will have your breakfast at your hotel and when it is time, one of our representatives will be there to drop you off to the airport for your further journey. Flying out of Bhutan with ample memories of the wonderful experiences in the dragon nation, you could perhaps draft another exciting trip with us, either in Tibet, Bhutan or Nepal.
This is a standard itinerary designed with a view to allow sufficient acclimatization period for trekkers. However, if you are not satisfied with this itinerary or wish to modify it according to your needs, we will happily do it for you. You are free to choose your own hotels, guides or porters if you wish to. We are always there to customize or tailor-make your trips as per your plans and convenience.
My first visit to Nepal. Arriving at the airport was a big disappointment and I thought I had wrongly decided to come here. Two days later when I began trekking, things began changing so did my impression for Nepal. Days of walking in the amazing Annapurna region completely brought a different perspective of this tiny nation. I have no regrets further. I’m glad to have chosen Royal Holidays to arrange...Read more
However alike the terms hiking, trekking, and climbing may sound, there are numerous aspects to distinguish among the three. Hiking is an activity that involves half-day to one-day easy walk where technical equipment is not required at all. Trekking is a multi-day activity where trekkers walk for several hours on a particular day to make a stop at some teahouses or basic lodges. Comparatively, it is a bit more demanding than hiking and it may require gears and equipment at certain stretches of the trail, though it is very rarely used. Trekking is something in between hiking and climbing with regards to difficulty and time duration. Mountain climbing is something different and the most challenging of them all. It requires special equipment and gears and involves more risk when making ascends to the high mountain trails or trek through the rugged off-the-beaten-path. Climbing requires a high level of physical fitness, previous experience and advanced knowledge about the equipment.
For every trekker, the best possible answer as to why they should trek in Nepal is based on the fact that, out of the 14 mountains in the world that are above 8000 meters, Nepal has 8 of them in addition to 1310 peaks that are over 6000 meters. The government of Nepal has permitted outsiders to trek or climb more than 300 peaks including the world’s tallest Mt. Everest. Besides, trekking in Nepal is cheap with abundant affordable lodges and teahouses dotted all over the trails in the major areas of trekking. It is comparatively much pricier to go for trekking in other countries popular for trekking such as Japan, Peru or New Zealand. Trekking in Nepal is safe and offers an undeniable opportunity to immerse in deep cultural and religious insights. Over and above, Nepal is the land of the Himalayas – the supreme land with endless options.
No matter where you are trekking, the difficulty level depends on how healthy you are, and whether a trekker is capable to walk for a few hours on a regular basis for several days. It should not be too difficult to trek in Nepal if your fitness level has been maintained and you are doing regular exercises. Trekking in Nepal may seem challenging but definitely not grueling as the trekking itinerary in Nepal have all been crafted in such a way that trekkers need to walk a comfortable distance each day without any exertions. All that one requires is a mental stability, good health and a strong determination to finish the race.
Walking hours while trekking in Nepal depends on the trek, easy, moderate or strenuous. Some trekkers customize their trip and walk a few hours more each day to shorten the number of days. However, in general, easy treks involve 4 to 6 hours of daily walk on a good weather, well-maintained path that is easily reachable to local facilities. A moderate trek will require a walking of 6 to 7 hours daily on the steep hilly landscapes and usually jagged trails and strenuous treks may require 7 to 8 hours of walking each day on high altitudes with challenging ascends and descends. Generally speaking, on reaching higher altitudes, usually higher than 3000 meters, it is unsafe to climb more than 500 meters in one day due to the possibility of altitude sickness. So, the higher you walk, the shorter will be the walking duration as the walk will be at a slower pace.
The conditions of weather in the mountains are always unpredictable, and it is cold even during the summer season. The degree of coldness varies with the altitude and seasons of trekking. Although daytime becomes warmer during the summer season, nights and mornings are always cold. The average maximum and minimum temperatures of Kathmandu (1350 m) during summer are 29˚C and 18˚C respectively, while during winter the temperatures are 17˚C and 2˚C. While the average maximum and minimum temperatures in the mountains above 5000 meters in summer are 15˚C and 2˚C respectively, and winter temperatures are 6˚C and -18˚C. All the treks in Nepal do not necessarily require reaching at very high elevations although quite a lot of them do. However, it is always better to feel safe rather than sorry, so trekkers are expected to carry sufficient warm clothing regardless of the season they are trekking.
Although hiring a guide is not compulsory while trekking in Nepal, we would never advocate our guests to go on their own. Although trekkers may save some money while trekking on their own, hiring a guide and a porter makes it much easier and exhilarating. We do not encourage novice trekkers especially first-timers in Nepal to travel alone. Going on your own, you are accountable for managing your own logistics, higher risks of getting lost in the trails and no one taking care of you in case of emergencies. Most of all, the beauty of the trek does not remain the same as there is no one to explain about the places, local people and their culture, history and traditional beliefs of significant landmarks en route.
Yes and No. Yes, you will carry your things if you trek on your own. But if you book your trekking holiday with a reliable trekking agency, you don’t have to worry about anything else; you will be accompanied by a knowledgeable guide and a hard-working porter and make your walk a hassle-free event.
In general, trekking in Nepal is much cheaper comparing to other countries popular for trekking. However, there are several factors which make trekking cheaper or costlier. For instance, using domestic flights and luxury accommodation during the trip obviously will take the cost to a higher side. On the other hand, budget travel and basic accommodation will lower the trip cost. Also, the cost of trekking in the most remote areas of Nepal would be on a higher scale as compared to the most frequented destinations where accessibility is very easy nowadays. Customizing your trip and deciding how many hours to walk per day, where to stay and what to eat could possibly lower the trip cost by a certain bit.
Accommodation during your trek in Nepal depends on your predilection. In general, trekkers will be accommodated in preferred lodges, home-stays, teahouses or even luxury lodges. In some remote trekking areas, you will be staying in tents as there are no lodges or teahouses yet. Luxury hotels and home-stay options are not available in all the trekking trails and confined to only certain areas. Most of the basic teahouses and lodges are simple, clean and comfortable.
You will be served with authentic Nepalese food along with Tibetan, Indian and some continental dishes although these may not always be available in all the trekking routes. At lower elevations of the popular trekking routes, where logistics is easily accessible, most lodges and teahouses provide with a decent menu which engrosses a variety of dishes including pizza and spaghetti. While at much higher altitudes and in the remote areas, you will not have many options apart from the traditional Dal-Bhaat, Momo, Noodles, and Vegetables. For breakfast, the food includes pancakes, flat-bread, porridge, potatoes, eggs and so on.
The effects of high altitude are quite arbitrary and do not necessarily relate to how robust you are. Surpassing an altitude of 3000 meters, it is an increased probability for being hit by acute mountain sickness. The only trick to avoid or minimize this sickness is not to over-do anything. Acclimatization is another very important aspect of trekking in higher altitude to avoid sickness. Most of the itineraries of trekking in Nepal include one or several acclimatization days, which should not be disregarded at all. One more factor to prevent getting hit by altitude sickness is to climb not more than 600 meters per day.
Different trekking destinations in Nepal require a different number of days to accomplish. The time duration for trekking depends on your choice of the destination; some destinations have different routes too. Short trekking requires as less as 7 to 9 days and goes up to 20 days or more as per the trekkers’ preferred destination or route. For example, the Everest panorama view trek or the Annapurna sunrise view trek is complete in 7 to 9 days while the Annapurna Circuit trek or the Kanchenjunga Circuit takes 21 days to finish. Based on your choice which further depends on your own interest, physical fitness, time constraint, and financial issues, it is up to you to schedule the number of days of your trip to Nepal.
Some of the trekking routes in Nepal suffered extensive damage by the devastating calamity, although most of them remained intact. The most popular trekking destination in Nepal to suffer huge damage was the Langtang Valley Trek, which swept away the entire valley killing a large number of people. An avalanche at Everest Base Camp during the earthquake left several mountaineers dead and damaged many lodges. Few trekking routes in the central region of Nepal were badly affected. In the present day picture, all the trekking routes damaged then, have been reconstructed and fully functional now. Having said that, the government of Nepal is in the process to reinstate and build new infrastructures for the Visit Nepal 2020 scenario.
It is in fact very hard to name just a few of them as the best destinations as each one has its own uniqueness and peculiar characteristic features. So to say, the possibilities are boundless. However, on a global scale, the two most popular treks would definitely be the Everest Base Camp Trek and the Annapurna Circuit Trek. Down the list are some other renowned trails all around Nepal with endless fascinations such as the Manaslu Circuit Trek, Upper Mustang Trek, Kanchenjunga Circuit Trek, Nar Phu Valley Trek, Tsum Valley Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, Makalu Base Camp Trek, and many more.
Nepal is the second richest country in the world for water resources, but the feasibility of drinking is highly questionable. Teahouses and lodges in the major trekking trails provide filtered and boiled water, the major sources being taps, streams, and rivers from the Himalayas. Although it is possible to buy bottled water on the entire trails of the popular trekking routes, we highly discourage using them as plastic bottles are not environmental friendly. On the contrary, we suggest that you carry purifying agents like steriPen UV, chlorine, iodine tablets or other agents for environmental reasons.
If you are on a camping trek, you will be eating meals cooked by our professional cook. For teahouse trekking, you will be eating your dinner and breakfast in the same teahouse where you will be staying for the night and lunch will be served on the way to your next destination. There are several comfortable lodges and guest-houses on the famous trails which provide a moderate variety of choices for you to dine apart from the traditional Nepali Dal-Bhaat. Whereas, at higher altitude teahouses and some routes in the remote areas, you won’t have many options rather than sticking to the traditional Nepali cuisine.
Communication during trekking won’t be a problem as long as the network or mobile coverage is available. One can purchase a local SIM in Kathmandu and stay connected with their loved ones while some significant trekking routes local VHF phones. In the past, it was not possible to communicate, but in the recent years, most of the popular trekking routes have 3G connectivity throughout the entire trail, except a few places where the coverage is poor or not available at all.
We advise you to wear a comfortable shoe that is already broken, if newly purchased so as to avoid blisters while walking. Shoes preferably with Gore-Tex style lining is what we normally recommend for trekkers; they provide ultimate comfort and have thicker soles which makes your walking experience on rocky paths a pleasant one. Those who intend to climb peaks are recommended a crampon, a must-have gear.
Female tourists are prone to be esteemed, whether traveling alone, in pairs or as a couple. Nepalese men are by and large courteous and defensive of solo women travelers. There will be exemptions of course but for the most part, there is no lack of enthusiasm related to traveling on your own as a woman in Nepal. For a solo woman or even man, it is prudent to take a guide with you if it is your first trek. Over and above, Nepal is safe for solo travelers where one can enjoy the companionship of other lone trekkers along the path sharing the same enthusiasm.
The universal risk at high altitudes especially above 3000 meters is that the density of oxygen is very low and might not suffice the human body. Due to the lower oxygen content, the air begins to get thinner thereby making it difficult to breathe. The human body may experience improper functioning mainly because of the oxygen content in air and one is likely to be hit by Acute Mountain Sickness, also known as altitude sickness which begins with a normal headache followed by nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath with physical exertion. It may further enhance leaving muscles to ache, insomnia, vomiting, irritability, loss of appetite, swelling of the hands, feet, and face, and rapid heartbeat. If the sickness is not attended immediately, there would be severe attacks whose symptoms are coughing, chest congestion, pale complexion, and skin discoloration, inability to walk or lack of balance, and social withdrawal. You don’t have to worry as long as you are following proper acclimatization processes during the trek. On top of that, our itineraries have been created in such a way that it allows plenty of time for acclimatization and our guides will assist you throughout the trek to avert such problems at high elevations.
All of our trekking itineraries cover overall charges during the trek including accommodation and all meals except for food charges while in the nearest city before or after your trek. However, there may arise some personal expenses which are not included in the package cost. These may include hot water, battery charging, phone bills, laundry, any extra snacks or purchase of personal gifts. So, it is our recommendation that you carry a small amount of money in low denominations while trekking in Nepal.
Accommodation during the trek firstly depends on your trekking destination because all the trekking routes in Nepal are different in their own way. In the most popular trekking trails, your accommodation will be arranged in comfortable and standard teahouses or lodges on a twin-sharing basis. Before and after your trek, you will be accommodated in a standard deluxe hotel with breakfast in Kathmandu or Pokhara. There are certain places on the trekking route that have luxury lodges, so if you wish to relax in style, we can arrange luxury accommodation at an additional cost. Some of the trekking routes, however, do not have facilities of accommodation, especially in the far-flung remote areas – in such cases, you will be camping otherwise sleeping in home-stays.
The official statement from IPPG (International Porter Protection Group) allows a porter to carry a maximum of 30 kg. However, while trekking in Nepal, some porters oblige to exceed the maximum limit to earn some extra bucks. Also, it depends on the trekking routes – if you are on a camping trek, then the camping porter will carry up to 40 kg. You are responsible to carry your own daypacks, but in certain instances, a porter may oblige to carry it for you with or without an extra charge – it all depends on how you have been treating them.
It is always good to maintain your physical fitness whether you are trekking or not. In Nepal, there are several categories of trekking ranging from the easy trek, moderate treks, and strenuous treks. However hard the trekking maybe, it is expected that you have been doing regular exercises prior to trekking in Nepal. The minimum requirement is that you should be physically fit and in a sound health, have the zeal for exploring the wild and a strong determination to accomplish the feat. It is an added advantage for those who have had a previous hiking experience. It is also important that the trekker is free from any chronic issues with their health; it is better to discuss with your physician whether you are fit to do a trek in Nepal or not.
It is a matter of concern if you don’t have any walking experience and you wish to embark upon a moderate or a strenuous trekking in Nepal. However, a walking experience is not really necessary if you wish to do some easy treks in Nepal. Even if you have never hiked before, it is recommended that you take up regular exercises on a daily basis for a couple of months prior to your actual hike in Nepal once your trekking dates are fixed. To complete a wonderful trek in the Himalayan regions of Nepal, we suggest you do cardiovascular exercises that will certainly help you get adapted to high elevations in the mountains without any problems of mountain sickness.
What stuff do I need to pack for my trek in Nepal?
Trekking below 4000 meters in Nepal won’t require much from you besides the warm clothing and good pair of shoes, but if you intend to go beyond, we recommend you to carry the following items apart from your valid passport with photocopies, several passport size photos, airline tickets, insurance documents, and cash for personal expenses and tipping:
-Water bottle & sunglasses
-Flashlight, toothbrush, paste, and multipurpose soap
-Medical first-aid kit & duffel bag
-Sun lotion & anti-altitude sickness pills – Diamox or Acetazolamide
-Sleeping bag & quick-drying towel
-Water purification tablets
-Hiking pants and shirts
-T-shirts & warm socks
-Poncho, gloves, woolen hats and gaiters
-Deodorants, small mirror, and moisturizer creams
-Wet wipes and toilet rolls
-Hand wash and sanitizers
-Voltage converter & plug adapter
Our foremost advice to our guests would be to take up some exercises prior to your trekking in Nepal so as to minimize the risks of altitude sickness during the trek. However, if it happens that you are hit by the acute sickness or face some other accidents, our knowledgeable guide will inspect the intensity of your condition before taking action. If deemed critical, you will be carried back to a lower elevation immediately and assisted with first aid treatment. One person will always be there with you to attend to your needs. But if your condition seems to worsen, you will be immediately evacuated on a rescue helicopter to either Kathmandu or Pokhara depending on the trekking destination.
Using services of a reputed trekking agency has various merits, but as a direct answer to this rational question, the answer would be No. It is not mandatory to use a trekking agency for your trekking holiday, but we recommend you to do so if you want to enjoy a hassle-free trip. Going on your own, you will be carrying a lot of burden and trekking wouldn’t be as charming as it ought to be. You will need to face the troublesome permit preparations, special trekking permits or peak and mountain-climbing permits, and filming and shooting permits. Using a trekking agency, you will get to enjoy every bit of the trip – they will manage everything for you including a knowledgeable guide who will narrate you the history and the legendary myths behind significant landmarks that you come across the trails.
As such, there are no official dress codes for trekking in Nepal – you are advised to wear that you are comfortable in. However, your dressing code can have certain impacts on the people of Nepal as they are highly concerned about western civilization. Skimpily dressed or revealing attires are a major look-upon in Nepal. We recommend you to wear something decent that covers your body as much as possible, and something thick to fight against the odds of the Himalayan temperatures.
As the old adage goes, ‘Prevention is better than cure’, it is best to avoid those things that could deteriorate your health during the trek. Avoiding alcohol and tobacco products is a wise decision to make. We suggest you not to eat meat products as far as possible in higher elevations as they may not be very fresh. Try to acclimatize as much as possible as acute mountain sickness is imminent while trekking above 4000 meters. In the similar context, we highly advise you to drink plenty of water or fluids and not to forget boiling your water before drinking or at least adding a purifying agent to it, for those who prefer their water cold.
Normally, teahouses are local lodges in which trekkers will eat their dinner and sleep in the nights during the trek. A teahouse can refer to large comfortable, well-built lodges with common areas or a small bamboo hut in the middle of nowhere that will provide a place to sleep and food to eat. So teahouse trekking means that you will be sleeping in these types of accommodations. It is the most popular style of trekking in Nepal and involves hopping from one teahouse to another each day. Normally teahouses at all places will provide trekkers with the facility of 24-hour running water, a decent bed to sleep, hot-water bathing and common areas to dine and chit-chat. Although basic, teahouses in popular trekking routes provide most of the quintessential amenities possible at such far-flung places. Teahouses along less popular trekking routes are usually more elementary and one is expected to sleep in common rooms around a comfortably warm stove.
All the guides that we use for your service are government licensed and have a good number of years’ experience in the mountains. Being locals of the mountainous regions, they have better knowledge of their areas than anyone else. Most of them have worked for more than a decade accompanying trekkers in the mountainous segments of Nepal. They are proficient in English and we make sure to motivate them at regular intervals to remind them of their responsibilities. They are friendly in nature and possess a great deal of knowledge of the trekking route and the landmarks that lie in the villages. They have been trained in various organizations including TAAN (Trekking Agents Association of Nepal) and KEEP (Kathmandu Environmental Education Project). Additionally, they possess first-hand knowledge about first aid and medical rescue, personal protection equipment, and they are constantly advised to follow the principles of ecotourism, responsible and sustainable tourism and nature conservation.